The Center for Disease Control and Prevention defines obesity as an excess of fat in the body. On the other hand, “overweight” refers to weighing too much, which doesn’t refer specifically to fat. This can have health consequences, and it was found that there’s a link between obesity and depression.
Obesity begins with an imbalance between fat intake and calorie consumption. This balance varies from person to person. The best-known health consequences are an increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers.
In the case of women, obesity can also lead to reproductive disorders – when conceiving, during pregnancy and childbirth itself – and also to menstruation problems. In boys and girls, this issue is related to growth problems, especially in the case of bone development.
Obesity and depression
While physical illnesses pose a high-risk factor for people suffering from obesity, psychological risks are no less dangerous and harmful. In fact, obesity, in many cases, begins its path in people’s lives when there is stress, sadness, depression, or anxiety. In other words, the emotional factor plays a role.
Obesity and depression are directly related. Many depressed people overeat and abandon self-care. This is usually when the increase of fats occurs in their organism.
Other people fall into depression that’s difficult to treat when they see they’ve become obese. This can be either because of the image they see in the mirror or because of the social stigmatization of which they’re victims. This is because society has a negative view of overweight people.
The media show an ideal body that is far from overweight. This produces what is known as social stigma. Stigma can cause serious psychological problems in obese people, such as anxiety disorders, addictions, eating disorders and depression.
Mind and body together
As we mentioned above, obesity has a variety of origins. While some are genetic, many others have to do with how people feel. Feelings of sadness, anxiety, or stress, so common in today’s society, often lead to overeating and a sedentary lifestyle.
Specialists estimate that about 43% of cases associate obesity and depression. According to the American Psychosomatic Society in the United States – a country that’s heavily impacted by obesity, which cuts across different strata of the population – obese people are 55% more likely to suffer from depression. Therefore, there’s a clear link between obesity and depression.
Depression in women
Women are genetically more at risk of having excess body fat than men. In addition, the cycle of obesity and depression is more common in women than in men. According to the Psychiatry Investigation, in the population of women with obesity, depression had a 37% higher incidence than in men.
The relationship between obesity and suicidal ideation is also more evident in women than in men. Here, once again, we see the burden of social stigma that weighs on obese people, since women are expected – culturally and socially – to take care of their bodies according to the beauty ideal of thinness.
Psychological intervention to address obesity and depression
There’s no evidence that the link between obesity and depression responds to a genetic or biological pattern. Therefore, the most appropriate thing for those who suffer from this condition is to seek psychological help.
Mental health professionals agree that it’s possible to reverse the cycle of obesity and depression with early intervention. To do so, it’s important to take into account that obesity is often related to the symbolic act of eating.
Compulsive food intake may be due to states of anxiety. This is often related to negative psychological experiences, which aren’t recognized and find a means of expression through overeating.
A psychological intervention helps obese people to elaborate their body image and self-esteem more adequately. It also facilitates the change of habits towards a healthier lifestyle, based on the recovery of emotional control.